ElShamah - Reason & Science: Defending ID and the Christian Worldview
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ElShamah - Reason & Science: Defending ID and the Christian Worldview

Otangelo Grasso: This is my library, where I collect information and present arguments developed by myself that lead, in my view, to the Christian faith, creationism, and Intelligent Design as the best explanation for the origin of the physical world.

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Main topics at my library about irreducible complexity and interdependence in biology

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Main topics at my library about irreducible complexity and interdependence in biology


- No glycine amino acids, no pyrimidines, no DNA - no life.
- No Watson Crick base pair fine-tuning, no DNA - no life.
- No topoisomerase II or helicase proteins, no DNA replication - no life perpetuation.
- No peripheral stalk, a subunit in ATP synthase nano turbines, no energy supply trough ATP for biological cells, no advanced life.
- No cleavage of tRNA during its biosynthesis, tRNA's will not be useful for the cell, no life.
- No nitrogenase enzymes to fix nitrogen in an energy demanding, triple bond breaking process, no ammonia, required to make amino acids - no nitrogen cycle - no advanced life.
- No chlorophylls, no absorption of light to start photosynthesis, no starch and glucose - cells will have no food supply to sustain complex organisms - no advanced life on earth.
- No water evolving complex in photosynthesis, no oxygen, no advanced life.
- No carotenoids quenching heat in chlorophylls in the antenna complex, the surrounding membrane would be burned - no advanced life.  
- No rubisco, no fix of CO2, no hidrocarbons - no advanced life.
- No counterion in retinal, and rhodopsin could not receive visible light - and there would be no vision on earth by any organism.

This is just a small example - there are many others. The salient part is - in the same manner, as a robot has no function by itself and by its own, and outside of a factory, unless placed at the right production line, getting the right substrate from another robot, processing it in the right manner, and handing it over to the next processing step - which also has to have its right function and manufacturing proceeding pre-programmed- nothing done. Often, if in a production line, just one robot goes havoc, the entire production lines stop to function. If you have a fully working car, but lose the key, you cannot turn it on, and it will not start. Sometimes, a tiny cable goes oxidized, or breaks and the car stop to function.  
None of the above-mentioned proteins has any function outside of biological cells, and none if not interconnected and inserted at the right place, works. And if any of it is missing, you were not here reading my lines. Yep. Life is a balancing act, beginning with the setup of physical laws at the same time with the appearance of matter,  fine-tuning of the universe, the fundamental forces, our galaxy, the earth and its life-permitting conditions, but, if helicase proteins are not here, our universe would be lifeless. Its like to have a gigantic jigsaw puzzle of millions of pieces that trigger a knob. If not ALL puzzle pieces are brought together to complete it, the knob does not switch, and light does not turn on.

Planned design by a powerful creator, that knows how, or time plus magic?

Irreducible complexity is a undeniable fact

A list of irreducible complex systems

Catch22, chicken and egg problems in biology and biochemistry

The cell is irreducibly complex

The irreducible, code-instructed process to make cell factories and machines points to intelligent design

The Flagellum, Behe's prime example of irreducible complexity

Does the Mullerian two step proposal refute irreducible complexity ?

Irreducible Complexity is an Obstacle to Darwinism Even if Parts of a System have other Functions


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