ElShamah - Reason & Science: Defending ID and the Christian Worldview
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ElShamah - Reason & Science: Defending ID and the Christian Worldview

Otangelo Grasso: This is my personal virtual library, where i collect information, which leads in my view to the Christian faith, creationism, and Intelligent Design as the best explanation of the origin of the physical Universe, life, biodiversity


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How can God exist without a creator ?

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1How can God exist without a creator ?  Empty How can God exist without a creator ? Fri Mar 08, 2024 3:31 am

Otangelo


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How can God exist without a creator?

The short answer is: We don't know. The question is unanswered in both philosophy and theology. The lack of a definitive answer, however, does not necessarily negate God's existence; rather, it highlights the limits of human understanding and the complex nature of ultimate reality. Recognizing the limits of human knowledge, often referred to as "epistemological humility," is crucial in discussions about the existence of God. We, humans,  are finite beings with limited capacities for understanding, and it is possible that the nature of ultimate reality, including the existence of a supreme being like God, is beyond our full comprehension. This humility doesn't lead to dismissal but rather an acknowledgment of the complexity of existential questions.

God is a Necessary Being

God is understood to be an uncaused, necessary being. This means God is self-existing and does not require a cause outside of Himself. In classical theism, God is described as the "uncaused cause" or "unmoved mover," implying that God is the ultimate source of all existence without Himself being caused by something else. There must be a foundational reality or a "first cause" that is uncaused to prevent an infinite regress of causes. This foundational reality is God as an ultimate principle. There must be something that exists by necessity, owing its existence to its own nature, and this necessary being is what people refer to as God. Another explanation involves the nature of time. God is timeless or eternal, existing outside the bounds of time as we understand it. Since our concepts of cause and effect are deeply tied to the progression of time, an eternal being would not be subject to these constraints and therefore would not need a creator. The Ontological Argument, famously proposed by Anselm of Canterbury, suggests that God, being the greatest conceivable being, must exist in reality because existence is a perfection or great-making quality.

A necessary being is something whose existence is mandatory and does not depend on anything else. This contrasts with contingent beings, whose existence is not mandatory and depends on external factors or causes. The idea is that while everything in our observable universe seems contingent (it could conceivably not exist), there must be something that must exist, for anything to exist at all. This ultimate foundation is what many refer to as God. One of the key arguments for God as a necessary being is the Argument from Contingency, famously formulated by Thomas Aquinas among others. The argument goes like this:

  - Everything we observe in the universe is contingent; it could possibly not exist.
  - A contingent being exists only because something else has brought it into existence.
  - There cannot be an infinite regress of contingent causes bringing other contingent causes into existence.
  - Therefore, there must be a necessary being that is not contingent upon anything else for its existence, and this being is what we call God.

The concept of a necessary being helps to avoid the problem of infinite regress in explaining the existence of the universe and everything in it. If every entity were contingent, then for everything that exists, there would have to be a prior cause. This chain of causes could not go back infinitely, because then there would be no initial cause to set everything into motion. A necessary being provides a terminus to this regress, serving as the ultimate cause that itself requires no cause. Another philosophical argument that speaks to God's necessity is the Ontological Argument, proposed by Anselm of Canterbury and later developed by others like René Descartes. This argument starts from the concept of God as the greatest conceivable being and argues that existence must be one of God's attributes; otherwise, we could conceive of a greater being—one that exists. Therefore, God must exist by necessity, as part of His nature. God as a necessary being is seen as the foundation of all reality. This isn't just about causing the universe to exist at its beginning; it's about sustaining it at every moment. The existence of everything is grounded in the existence of a necessary being, without which nothing could exist.

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