What is it that is ultimate that is the ultimate precondition of all facts?
What is it that is a plurality of indiscrete particulars that are not God?
Discrete particulars that are fundamental, plurality of singular things, they are independent, that puts you into pure chance
do you believe that there are more than one concrete particulars? a set requires plurality.
is the totality that is, two or more particulars?
One and many problems in philosophy. Either what is in totality, is a concrete one, or a plurality of concrete particulars.
A plurality of concrete distinctions, abstract of collection of distinct and concrete identities. A concrete one, or a concrete many?
Is this ultimate a concrete one, or a concrete plurality?
The problem of the one and the many
This observation of the world of phenomena leads many cultures to believe that the infinity of things and their changes can ultimately be related back to a single object, material, or idea. The problem of finding the one thing that lies behind all things in the universe is called the problem of the one and the many. Basically stated, the problem of the one and the many begins from the assumption that the universe is one thing. Because it is one thing, there must be one, unifying aspect behind everything. This aspect could be material, such as water, or air, or atoms. It could be an idea, such as number, or "mind." It could be divine, such as the Christian concept of God or the Chinese concept of Shang-ti, the "Lord on High." The problem, of course, is figuring out what that one, unifying idea is.
R. J. Rushdoony Philosophy: The Problem of the One and the Many April 24, 2017
Since both the one and the many are equally ultimate in God, it immediately becomes apparent that these two seemingly contradictory aspects of being do not cancel one another but are equally basic to the ontological trinity: one God, three persons. Again, since temporal unity and plurality are the products and creation of this triune God, neither the unity nor the plurality can demand the sacrifice of the other to itself. The one and the many is perhaps the basic question of philosophy. Is unity or plurality, the one or the many, the basic fact of life, the ultimate truth about being?
Yonghua Ge The One and the Many: A Revisiting of an Old Philosophical Question in the Light of Theologies of Creation and Participation 01 July 2015
‘The One and the Many’ names one of the most ancient problems in philosophy—it concerns whether reality is ultimately a unity or a plurality, and how the two relate to one another.