ElShamah - Reason & Science: Defending ID and the Christian Worldview
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ElShamah - Reason & Science: Defending ID and the Christian Worldview

Otangelo Grasso: This is my library, where I collect information and present arguments developed by myself that lead, in my view, to the Christian faith, creationism, and Intelligent Design as the best explanation for the origin of the physical world.


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Is the Bible Historically Accurate?

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Otangelo


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Archeological Evidence For The Tel Dan Inscription
Throughout the 1980’s and early 1990’s, a group called the Bible minimalism was advancing. Minimalists think the Bible is of very little worth traditionally, considered that it’s not truly dependable, in their viewpoint. Among their prime targets was King David. For instance, University of Sheffield Teacher, Dr. Philip R. Davies, specified, “I’m not the only scholar who presumes that the figure of King David has to do with as historic as King Arthur.” Archaeologist, Israel Finkelstien has actually declared, “The joined kingdom of David and Solomon, explained in the Bible as a local power, was at the majority of, a little tribal kingdom … David’s kingdom was just 500 individuals with sticks in their hands screaming and cursing and spitting.” Bible minimalists asserted that King David’s broadened kingdom, as explained in the Bible were absolutely nothing more than legend and misconception.

In 1993 archaeologists were excavating at Tel Dan, the area of the ancient city of Dan situated in north Israel. While excavating, they found a damaged stone, roughly 32 cm high by 22 cm broad, with an Aramaic engraving on it. The next year, 2 more pieces of the inscription were uncovered. The engraving triggered an instantaneous feeling, and put minimalists, who had actually crowed about the reality that there was no proof for King David beyond the Bible, directly on the defensive.

The inscription records the success of the King of Aram (probably Hazael, although he is not called) over Omni, the King of Israel, and his ally, the king of the “Home of David.” It dates to the ninth century B.C., about 200 years after David’s guideline. The expression, “Home of David,” set the historical world afire. For the very first time, there was a clear, widely-acknowledged recommendation to David. Archaeologist, Yosef Garfinkel discusses the significance of the engraving: “‘ Home of David’ implies ‘dynasty of David’. So now we understand that there was a man called David and he had a dynasty … this is definitely clear that David is not a mythological figure. So the mythological paradigm collapsed in one minute.”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kU0QBlcemjs


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27Is the Bible Historically Accurate? - Page 2 Empty Re: Is the Bible Historically Accurate? Mon May 30, 2022 7:39 am

Otangelo


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The Astronomical Study That Proved A Strange Passage Of The Bible May Actually Be True
https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/the-astronomical-study-that-proved-a-strange-passage-of-the-bible-may-actually-be-true/?fbclid=IwAR2vIgTcEdlWGT2x1JfDZOA3gVZPoaK7kGDh2j_PPeMHZx7n_w4l8LeC4D8

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28Is the Bible Historically Accurate? - Page 2 Empty Re: Is the Bible Historically Accurate? Sun Sep 18, 2022 3:53 pm

Otangelo


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Archaeologist claims to find oldest Hebrew text in Israel, including the name of God
https://www.timesofisrael.com/archaeologist-claims-to-find-oldest-hebrew-text-in-israel-including-the-name-of-god/

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29Is the Bible Historically Accurate? - Page 2 Empty Re: Is the Bible Historically Accurate? Thu Aug 31, 2023 6:06 pm

Otangelo


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Evidence Suggests The Burning Of Jerusalem Described In The Bible Really Did Happen

Researchers at the site in the Jerusalem Walls National Park found many burnt artifacts dating from 2,600 years ago, confirming a reference in the Bible that describes the burning of Jerusalem by the Babylonians. Jerusalem is thought to have fallen around 587 BCE.

The findings, including burnt pottery, wood, grape seeds, and bones all covered in layers of ash, provide further evidence that the Babylonians "burned all the houses of Jerusalem", as described in the Book of Jeremiah.

https://www.iflscience.com/new-evidence-confirms-the-burning-of-jerusalem-by-babylonians-described-in-the-bible-43004

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30Is the Bible Historically Accurate? - Page 2 Empty Re: Is the Bible Historically Accurate? Sat May 04, 2024 7:23 pm

Otangelo


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https://www.israelinegypt.com/

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31Is the Bible Historically Accurate? - Page 2 Empty Re: Is the Bible Historically Accurate? Sun May 05, 2024 9:42 am

Otangelo


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More Discoveries That Prove Parts of the Bible
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ZHeUGexiO8

1. House in Capernaum:
- An excavated house in Capernaum from the 1st century AD is believed to have been the home of St. Peter, where Jesus stayed and began his ministry. The house was converted into an early church site, with Christian graffiti on the walls, before a larger Byzantine church was built over it in the 5th century.

2. Earthquake in the reign of King Uzziah: 
- An earthquake mentioned in the books of Amos, Zechariah, Ezekiel and 2 Chronicles that struck during the reign of King Uzziah of Judah in the 8th century BC has been corroborated by archaeological evidence. Ruins dated to around 760 BC were found near the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, showing damage consistent with a massive 7.8-8.2 magnitude quake.

3. Evidence of Crucifixion:
- In 1968, a 2000-year-old Jewish burial cave was found containing an ossuary (bone box) with the inscription "Yehohanan, the son of [could be interpreted as] 'the crucified'". One of the skeletons had a nail driven through its heel bone, providing the first archaeological evidence of crucifixion as a Roman execution method.

4. Babylonian Siege of Jerusalem: 
- Both the biblical Book of Kings and Babylonian cuneiform chronicles give matching accounts of King Nebuchadnezzar's defeat of Pharaoh Neco, conquest of Jerusalem in 598 BC, deposing of King Jehoiachin, and plundering of treasures from Solomon's Temple.

5. Kingdom of Edom:
- Long considered mythical by some historians, the existence of the Biblical kingdom of Edom, descended from Esau, has been confirmed by excavations of sophisticated copper mines and smelting operations in southern Israel dating back to the 13th century BC, matching the Biblical timeline.

The archaeological finds provide remarkable corroboration for numerous events, places, and details described in the biblical texts across multiple books.

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32Is the Bible Historically Accurate? - Page 2 Empty Re: Is the Bible Historically Accurate? Sun May 05, 2024 8:09 pm

Otangelo


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The ruins that could prove the Bible was TRUE: Stretch of wall in ancient Jerusalem vindicates the holy book's account, archaeologists claim

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-13378663/ruins-Jerusalem-prove-Bible-wall.html

https://www.haaretz.com/archaeology/2024-04-29/ty-article-magazine/jerusalem-in-king-davids-time-was-much-larger-than-previously-thought-researchers-say/0000018f-155d-d2e1-a7df-15ffc4a20000

A scientific breakthrough has exposed the truth about a site in ancient Jerusalem, overturning expert opinion and vindicating the Bible's account.  Until now, experts believed a stretch of wall in the original heart of the city was built by Hezekiah, King of Judah, whose reign straddled the seventh and eighth centuries BC.  He had seen his neighbours to the north, the Kingdom of Israel, destroyed by the Assyrian Empire, and it was thought that he built the wall to defend against the invaders.  But now an almost decade-long study has revealed it was built by his great-grandfather, Uzziah, after a huge earthquake, echoing the account of the Bible.  The wall is in the City of David – the historic archaeological site that formed the original town of Jerusalem, according to the Bible.  The stretch of wall, at the eastern slopes of the City of David, was long assumed to be built by Hezekiah, King of Judah

An almost decade-long study has revealed it was built by his great-grandfather, Uzziah, after a huge earthquake, echoing the account of the Bible

Who was Hezekiah? Mentioned in the books of Kings, Isaiah and Chronicles in the Bible, King Hezekiah is regarded as one of the greatest kings of Judah. He is thought to have ruled between 715BC and 686BC following the death of his father King Ahaz. According to the Hebrew Bible he was 25 when he assumed the throne. Following the death of the Assyrian king Sargon II, Hezekiah took the opportunity to throw off the subservience of his kingdom to the Assyrians. He ceased to pay the tribute imposed upon his father and instead allied himself with Egypt. Sargon's son Sennacherib embarked on a series of attempts to suppress this rebellion which culmulated in the siege of Jerusalem. Hezekiah's reign is thought to have brought about a notable increase in the power of Judah in the region and it became an important state on the frontier between Assyria and Egpt. The Hebrew Bible also describes how Hezekiah made a miraculous recovery from a sickness after praying to God. He went on to live for another 15 years.

Joe Uziel of the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) said: 'For decades, it was assumed that this wall was built by Hezekiah, King of Judah.  'But it is now becoming clear that it dates back to the days of King Uzziah, as hinted at in the Bible. 'Until now, many researchers assumed that the wall was built by Hezekiah during his rebellion against Sennacherib, King of Assyria, in order to defend Jerusalem during the Assyrian siege.  'It is now apparent that the wall in its eastern part, in the area of the City of David, was built earlier, shortly after the great earthquake of Jerusalem, and as part of the construction of the city.'  The Old Testament describes the construction in the Second Book of Chronicles.  It reads: 'Uzziah built towers in Jerusalem at the Corner Gate, at the Valley Gate and at the angle of the wall, and he fortified them.'  Scripture also attests to the seismic activity – with the Old-Testament Book of Amos dating itself to 'two years before the earthquake, when Uzziah was king of Judah'. The study, a joint project between the IAA, Tel Aviv University, and the Weizmann Institute of Science, revealed the provenance of the ancient wall using carbon-14 dating.  Also known as radiocarbon dating, this technique uses the decay of a radioactive isotope of carbon (14C) to measure the time and date objects containing carbon-bearing material.  According to the IAA, this period of history was previously considered a 'black hole' for carbon-14 dating, due to fluctuating levels of the isotope in the atmosphere at the time.

Until now, experts believed a stretch of wall in the original heart of the city was built by Hezekiah, King of Judah (left). But the study has revealed it was built by his great-grandfather, Uzziah (left) after a huge earthquake

The city wall unearthed in the City of David was not built during the days of Hezekiah as part of the preparations for the Assyrian siege, but rather earlier, during the days of King Uzziah, subsequent to the earthquake that occurred in Jerusalem

But using ancient tree rings from Europe, scientists were able to chart these fluctuations year by year.  Elisabetta Boaretto of the Weizmann Institute said: 'The resolution of c-14 was very bad – 200-300 years; it was impossible to distinguish anything else.  'With the work we've done in the City of David, we succeeded to reach a resolution less than 10 years, which is really something very very new and dramatic.'  The scientists took their samples from organic artifacts found at four different excavation sites in the ancient heart of Jerusalem – sometimes called the City of David.  Among these were grape seeds, date pits and even bat skeletons.  All were cleaned, converted into graphite, then put into a particle accelerator at speeds of 3,000km per second to separate the carbon-14 from other organic material.  Measuring the carbon then revealed the sample's true age.  Yuval Gadot of Tel Aviv University said the method had also pushed back the westward expansion of the city by five generations.  The wall is in the City of David – the historic archaeological site that formed the original town of Jerusalem, according to the Bible

Researchers have succeeded in using 'exact science' to link events mentioned in the Bible to archaeological findings unearthed in the city of David
Has the kingdom of King David been found? Archaeologist claims five fortified cities near Jerusalem were ruled by the Biblical figure in 1000 BC

He said: 'Until now, most researchers have linked Jerusalem's growth to the west, to the period of King Hezekiah – just over 2,700 years ago.  'The conventional assumption to date has been that the city expanded due to the arrival of refugees from the Kingdom of Israel in the north, following the Assyrian exile.  'However, the new findings strengthen the view that Jerusalem grew in size and spread towards Mount Zion already in the ninth century BC.  'This was during the reign of King Jehoash – a hundred years before the Assyrian exile.  'In light of this, the new research teaches that the expansion of Jerusalem is a result of internal-Judean demographic growth and the establishment of political and economic systems.'  The research presents over 100 radiocarbon dates taken from four different excavation areas throughout the City of David. These dates were obtained by sampling organic finds such as grape seeds, date pits, and even bat skeletons found in one of the structures. All were cleaned, converted into graphite, then put into a particle accelerator at speeds of 3,000km per second to separate the carbon-14 from other organic material

What's more, it shows that the city was larger than thought during the reigns David and Solomon.  Dr Uziel said: 'During the 10th century BC, the days of David and Solomon, this research has shown that the city is occupied in different areas, and seems to have been larger than we thought previously.  'We can pinpoint specific buildings and relate them to specific kings mentioned in the Biblical text.'  The Kingdom of Judah would last until 587 BC, when the Babylonians besieged and destroyed its capital Jerusalem, along with Solomon's Temple – often called the First Temple.  Has the kingdom of King David been found? Archaeologist claims five fortified cities near Jerusalem were ruled by the Biblical figure in 1000 BC  An archaeologist claims the ruins of five fortified cities outside of Jerusalem belonged to the same kingdom ruled by the Biblical figure King David. Yosef Garfinkle with the Hebrew University of Jerusalem believes the cities date to the early 10th century BC, some 200 years than previously thought, placing their construction in the time of David. Garfinkel's study, published in June, describes the cities all featuring two parallel walls in the center and organized roads, suggesting the network was connected to one kingdom. While the cities were discovered separately, the archaeologist claims he is the first to connect the dots - determining they are an organized urban network built around 1000 BC. And King David ruled from 1104 to 960 BC during the Iron Age. David is said to have been a shepherd boy who became Israel's third and most crucial king around 1000 BC when he united all the tribes of Israel under a single monarch - but the story has been disputed due to a lack of evidence.

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33Is the Bible Historically Accurate? - Page 2 Empty Re: Is the Bible Historically Accurate? Sun May 05, 2024 8:26 pm

Otangelo


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Archaeologists May Have Found Traditional Home of Jesus' Apostles by the Sea of Galilee
Below an early church in the village they think was Bethsaida, archaeologists uncovered a ‘sacred wall’ – that couldn’t have been from Peter the Apostle’s house. However, the one next to it could have been

https://www.haaretz.com/archaeology/2023-11-08/ty-article-magazine/archaeologists-find-site-early-christians-venerated-as-apostle-peters-home/0000018b-ae8c-d3c1-a39b-beedd7520000

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