Both, the water-energy gradient, and the energy-generating water turbine are necessary to produce energy for human use. Analogously, a proton- gradient, and ATP synthase motor proteins are necessary to generate ATP, the energy currency in the cell. Both are irreducibly complex systems. If one is missing, no deal. Both also require specified complex information, assembly instructions, to make the energy-generating plants. Instantiating both, specified, and irreducible complexity always requires a mind that has specific purposes, foresight, and goals. Energy supply is one of 3 core-essential features of life: energy, information, and the basic building blocks. ATP synthase and a proton gradient exist in all life forms, and had to emerge prior to when life started. So it cannot be invoked evolution to explain its origins. It is either intelligence, or random, unguided stochastic lucky events. 1.
ATP synthase is a molecular energy-generating nano-turbine ( It produces energy in the form of Adenine triphosphate ATP). It consists of two very different subunits that have to be externally and stably tethered together, just the right distance apart. The two major subunits (F0 & F1) are connected together by an external tether, and just the right distance apart. This tether doesn’t have anything to do with the functionality of either subunit but without it ATP synthase would not be able to perform its function. One of the subunits has to be embedded in the cell membrane so that an energy gradient can be formed. And the other has to be stably tethered to the membrane the proper distance away. 2.
This is an irreducibly complex system, where a minimal number of at least five functional parts must work together in an interlocked way, in a joint venture to bear function. Individually, the subunits have no function whatsoever ( Not even in different setups). ATP synthase cannot be the product of evolution, because it had to be fully operational and functional to start life ( The origin of life has nothing to do with evolution). No life form without ATP synthase is known. 3.
We know by experience that complex machines made of various interlocked subparts with specific functions are always created by intelligent minds. Therefore, ATP synthas is definitely evidence of a powerful intelligent creator, who knew how to create power-generating turbines.