The brain plays an essential role in just about every major human body system.
The interrelationship of all neuronal activities involves more than communication. The very characteristics, physical constants, of each neuron, are directly and indirectly related to and dependent upon its normal and functional interconnections with other neurons. 2 A reduction of the normal number of such interconnections in any given neuron not only interferes with the normal impulse traffic, the total amount and pattern of information input, but also alters the characteristics and consequently the behavior of such a neuron. Such altered behavior is abnormal because it no longer fits into the overall integration plan. This is the significance of neuronal interdependence.
Is that not an implicit admission of Irreducible complexity? Either everything is in place, or nothing goes?
Some of its main functions include: 1
processing sensory information
regulating blood pressure and breathing
The frontal lobes coordinate
The parietal lobes are involved in
interpreting sensory information from other parts of the brain
The temporal lobes coordinate specific functions, including
visual memory (such as facial recognition),
verbal memory (such as understanding language),
interpreting the emotions and reactions of others
The occipital lobes are heavily involved in the ability to
read and recognize printed words,
along with other aspects of vision
The cerebellum is involved with
fine motor skills, which refers to the coordination of smaller, or finer, movements, especially those involving the hands and feet. It also helps
the body maintain its posture, equilibrium, and balance
The diencephalon contains the
The thalamus acts as a kind of relay station for signals coming into the brain. It’s also involved in
The epithalamus serves as a connection between the limbic system and other parts of the brain. The limbic system is a part of the brain that’s involved with
The hypothalamus helps maintain homeostasis. This refers to the balance of all bodily functions. It does this by maintaining daily physiological cycles, such as
the sleep-wake cycle
regulating body temperature
controlling the producing and release of hormones
The brain stem consists of three major parts
The midbrain helps control
processes visual and
The pons contains the start of some of the cranial nerves. These nerves are involved in
facial movements and
transmitting sensory information
The medulla oblongata acts as
the control center for the function of the heart and lungs.
It helps regulate many important functions, including breathing, sneezing, and swallowing.