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Intelligent Design, the best explanation of Origins » Bible / Christian faith / Apologetics » Fullfilled prophecies in the bible

Fullfilled prophecies in the bible

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Fullfilled prophecies in the bible

https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t2435-fullfilled-prophecies-in-the-bible

God of the exact: Daniel’s Seventy Week Prophecy

A remarkable prophecy pinpoints the time of the Messiah:
Daniel 9:25-26: “Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: . . . And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself.”


The starting point of this prophecy is the decree to rebuild Jerusalem. The only decree that fits is in Nehemiah 2:1, where King Artaxerxes Longimanus grants the request of Nehemiah to have the city rebuilt. The time period is given in verse 1: “In the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes the king.”


According to Smith and Eastman,[1] the Hebrew tradition says that if the day of the month is not specifically given, then it means the first day of that month or, in this case, the first day of Nisan. This date of the decree of Artaxerxes corresponds to March 14, 445 B.C. The date indicated for the decree to rebuild Jerusalem above has been verified by astronomical calculations at the British Royal Observatory.[2]
Many ancient calendar years were 360 days in length,[3] including the biblical calendar years. According to Anderson,[4] the length of the biblical prophetic year was also 360 days, from the internal evidence of the Bible itself. Therefore, for the prophetic calendar Jews used 360-day years. So how long would sixty-nine weeks of years be? It would be 69 x 7 years x 360 days = 483 years, or 173,880 days. This is the duration of the prophecy, the time between prediction and fulfillment.

The endpoint is the coming of the “Messiah the Prince.” The Hebrew word for “prince” is nagid, which actually means “king.” Now in the Gospels, on many occasions, people tried to take Jesus and make Him king by force. He did not allow that to happen until on a particular day, during His triumphal entry into Jerusalem ( now called Palm Sunday), four days before His crucifixion.


Can scriptural clues help us determine this date? In the Gospel of Luke, Luke informs us of the start of John the Baptist’s ministry: “Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar. . .the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness” (Luke 3:1, 2). In the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar, John the Baptist began his ministry. According to Anderson,[5] Tiberius Caesar began to reign in August of 14 A.D. So the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar would have been 28 A.D. (the year Tiberius’s fifteenth year began, his first year beginning August of 14 A.D.), with Jesus beginning His ministry in the fall of that year. Most scholars agree there were four Passovers and three and a half years in Jesus’ ministry and that He was crucified on the last of those four Passovers. This would correspond to the year 32 A.D., on the fourteenth of Nisan. This was equivalent to April 10, 32 A.D., and the triumphal entry into Jerusalem would therefore be dated April 6, 32 A.D. (the tenth of Nisan).[6]


So how does the data compare? We determined above that the beginning date for the prophecy was March 14, 445 B.C., that the length of time was 173,880 days and that the endpoint of the prophecy was April 6, 32 A.D. So how many days are actually between March 14, 445 B.C., and April 6, 32 A.D.?


From March 14, 445 B.C., to March 14, 32 A.D., is 476 years (remember: there is no year 0). That is 476 years x 365 days/year = 173,740 days. Leap year days need to be added, and they don’t occur in century years unless divisible by 400, so we must add 3 fewer leap year days in four centuries, which equals 116 total additional days. From March 14 to April 6 is an additional 24 days. So the total days = 173,740 + 116 + 24 = 173,880 days!! The exact number of days!! Coincidence?! Or an amazing demonstration that God is able to see the beginning from the end and that the inspirer of this prophecy indeed can see outside the time domain? Surely this has to be one of the most remarkable prophecies of the Bible.


[1] Smith and Eastman, Search for Messiah, 1996,  105-106.
[2] Sir Robert Anderson, The Coming Prince, 1957124
[3] One example would be ancient Babylon.
[4] Anderson, The Coming Prince, 67-75. Anderson refers to many places in the Bible, especially the books of Daniel and Revelation, in demonstrating this.
[5] Ibid., 96.
[6]Ibid., 106-118, 127-128



Do you want to know why Simeon and Anna were waiting for the consolation of Israel which was the coming of the Messiah? They understood the book of Daniel
Thankfully, neither your salvation, nor mine, hangs in the balance with getting Daniel 9:24-27 exactly right. But God has already laid down when the Messiah was coming when Danial was in Babylon
Daniel 9:24,27 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy Place . Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.

DANIEL 9 & THE 70 WEEKS
Daniel was next told by Gabriel that the 70 sevens are to accomplish six purposes.
1) The first is to finish transgression. The Hebrew word translated “to finish” means “to restrain firmly,” “to restrain completely” or “to bring to completion.”
2) The second purpose of the 70 sevens is to make an end of sins. The Hebrew word translated “to make an end” literally means “to seal up” or “to shut up in prison.”
3) The third purpose is to make reconciliation for iniquity. The Hebrew word translated “to make reconciliation” is “kaphar,” which has the same root meaning as the word “kippur,” as in Yom Kippur. The word “kaphar” literally means “to make atonement.”
4) The fourth purpose of the 70 sevens is to bring in everlasting righteousness. More literally this could be translated “to bring in an age of righteousness,”
5) The fifth purpose is to seal up vision and prophecy. Here Daniel used a word which means “to shut up.” So “to seal up” means to cause a cessation or to completely fulfill. Thus, vision and prophecy are to be completely fulfilled.” Vision” is a reference to oral prophecy, while “prophecy” refers to written prophecy. Both oral and written prophecy will cease
6) The final purpose of the 70 sevens is to anoint the most holy. A better translation here would be “to anoint a most holy place.” This is a reference to the Jewish temple which is to be rebuilt when Messiah comes.

THE PREDICTED TIME.
The time of the 70 Sevens Daniel 9:24,27 “Seventy sevens are decreed upon thy people and upon thy holy city…” The focus of the program of the sevens was “thy people and…thy holy city.” the Jewish people. The Hebrew text is shavuim, which means “sevens.” The word refers to a “seven” of anything, It was not “70 years,” but “70 sevens of years,” a total of 490 years (70 times seven).
The Start of the 70 Sevens Daniel 9:25 “Know therefore and discern, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem.…”
Artaxerxes to Nehemiah (Nehemiah 2:1-8 ), issued in the year 444 B.C.E. This decree specifically concerned the rebuilding of the walls around Jerusalem.
The 70 sevens are divided into three separate units—seven sevens, 62 sevens and one seven. During the first time period (49 years) Jerusalem would be “built again, with street and moat, even in troublous times.” The second block of time (62 sevens, a total of 434 years) immediately followed the first for a total of 69 sevens, or 483 years. The last seven is known as the seven-year tribulation.
Daniel taught that 483 years after the decree to rebuild Jerusalem had been issued, Messiah would be here on earth. “unto Messiah the Prince.” “Would be cut off but not for himself” v26

THE PREDICTED DEATH.
“the Messiah shall be cut off and not for himself” The Hebrew word translated “cut off” is the common word used in the Mosaic Law and simply means “to be killed.”
The Hebrew expression translated “and not for himself” has two meanings. It may mean “nothingness,” emphasizing Messiah’s state at death and he died for others rather than for himself.
The point of this phrase is that between the end of the second subdivision (the 69th seven) and before the start of the 70th seven, Messiah would be killed and not for himself. During this interim period “the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood.…” The city and the temple that were to be rebuilt would now be destroyed. So sometime after the Messiah was cut off, Jerusalem and the temple would suffer another destruction. The Romans, and Jerusalem and the temple were destroyed in year 70 C. E. Based upon this verse, it is also clear that the Messiah should have both come and died prior to the year 70 C.E.


THE PROVIDED WITNESS.
In Luke 2:25-38, we learn about Simeon and Anna who also obeyed and clearly understood the time the Messiah was coming according to Daniel in God’s Word.

Daniel was in Babylon, so he would have used the Babylonian calendar, and not the Jewish calendar. The Babylonian calendar is 360 days and the Jewish is 365.
Some scholars I have read have a hard time lining up the Daniel 9 timing with Jesus's death because they assume the Jewish calendar was used.
Using the 365 day calendar produces errors in dating. However if you use the 360 day calendar, it works out to the very day that Jesus entered into Jerusalem the day of His triumphal entry.
One wonders at the reception He was given. He was hailed as the Messiah very clearly. The people knew from Daniel's prophecy that the time of the fulfillment was at hand. 

THEY WERE WAITING FOR HIM!
Jesus delayed His trip so that His entry to Jerusalem would line up exactly with Daniel's prophecy, when the correct calendar was used.

353 Prophecies Fulfilled in Jesus Christ
http://www.accordingtothescriptures.org/prophecy/353prophecies.html

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1. http://thebiblecanbeproven.com/god-of-the-exact-daniels-seventy-week-prophecy/



Last edited by Admin on Fri Oct 16, 2020 12:37 pm; edited 7 times in total

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WHAT IS THE PROBABILITY THAT JESUS IS NOT THE MESSIAH?

https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t2435-fullfilled-prophecies-in-the-bible#5403

Until we can measure a thing,
We really know very little about it.
William Thompson (Lord Kelvin)


The concept of compound probabilities gives us insight as to the identity of the Messiah. To understand compound probabilities, let's do a little mind experiment.
Imagine you are in a room with 100 other people randomly distributed. Half of them are men and half are women. If you were blindfolded and began to wander about the room the probability that the first person you would bump into is a man is 50 out of 100 or 50%


Now imagine 10% of the men and 10% of the women are left-handed. What is the probability that you would bump into a left-handed man?
100 x 50% x 10% = 5% or 5:100 (five out of a hundred)
You have a 1 in 20, or five percent chance that you would bump into a left-handed man. As you can see, as more conditions are added to your search, the number of qualifying solutions are quickly reduced.


Old Testament contains over 300 prophecies detailing the Coming Messiah. What are the chances of Jesus being the messiah? Let's take a look at just eight of these prophecies and see what the compound probabilities are.


Micah 5:2. Born in Bethlehem (pop <7000)
What is the probability of the earth's population through recorded history being born there? 
P = or < 10,000/1,000,000,000
P = or < 10^4 / 10^9 = 1:10^5 (generous estimate)


Zech 9:9 Present self as king, entry into Jerusalem on a donkey
What is the probability of the earth's population through recorded history?
P = or < 1:100 (generous estimate)


Zech 11:12 Betrayed for 30 pieces of silver
What is the probability of the earth's population through recorded history?
P = or < 1:1,000 (generous estimate)


Zech 11:13 Same silver pieces thrown into the Temple and later given to a potter. (see Mat 27:4-5, 6-8 )
What is the probability of the earth's population through recorded history?
P = or < 1:100,000 (very generous estimate)
Zech 13:6 Wounded in the hands 


What is the probability of the earth's population through recorded history?
P = or < 1:1,000 (generous estimate)


Isa 53:7 Accused of capital crime, made no defense though innocent.
What is the probability of the earth's population through recorded history?
P = or < 1:1,000 (generous estimate)


Isa 53:9 Died among common, yet buried with the rich.
What is the probability of the earth's population through recorded history?
P = or < 1:1,1000


Ps 22:16 Crucified, hands and feet pierced. (Official form of execution in Israel was stoning and this was written 700 years before crucifixion was invented by the Persians).
What is the probability of the earth's population through recorded history?


P = or < 1:10,000 (generous estimate)
Was Jesus really the Messiah???
Prophecy, verse. Probability


Born in Bethlehem, Micah 5:2 
 1:100,000


King on Donkey, Zech 9:9 
 1:100


30 pieces of silver, Zech 11:12 
1:1,000



Silver to Temple, then potter, Zech 11:13
1:100,000


Wounds on hands, Zech 13:6 
 1:1,000


No defense, yet innocent, Isa 53:7 
 1:1,000


Died with common, buried with rich, Isa 53:9 
 1:1,000


Crucified, Ps 22:16 
 1:10,000
.00001 x .01 x .001 x .00001 x .01 x .01 x .01 x .001 
= 10^-28 (ten to the negative 28th power)
Total population of the earth through time = or < 100 billion (10^11)
10^-28/10^11 
= 10^-17 or 1:100,000,000,000,000,000
Total compound probability one person could fulfill all of these eight prophecies is 1 in 100 Quadrillion.
How big is that number? If you were to paint a silver dollar red and place it in a bucket with 99 other silver dollars, your chances or reaching into the bucket blindfolded and pulling out that red silver dollar would be 1 in 100.
To understand the size of 10^17, take that same red painted silver dollar and place it in a bucket of silver dollars the size of Texas covered two feet deep in silver dollars!


Here's a list of some of the major prophecies:
He was to be of David's family

2 Sam 7:12-16; Ps 89:3-4, 110:1; 132:11; Isa 9:6-7; 11:1
He would be born of a virgin


Gen 3:15; Isa 7:14
He would be born in Bethlehem 


Micah 5:2
He would sojourn in Egypt 

Hos 11:1
He would live in Galilee Isa 9:1-2


... In Nazareth. Isa 11:1


To be announced by an Elijah-like herald
Isa 40:3-5; Mal 3:1; 4:5


His coming would occasion the massacre of Bethlehem's children. Gen 35:19-20; Jer 31:15


His mission would include the Gentiles 
Isa 42:1-4


Ministry would be one of healing 
Isa 53:4


He would teach through parables 
Isa 6:9-10; Ps 78:2


He would be disbelieved, rejected by Rulers
Ps 69:4; 118:22; Isa 6:10; 29:13; 53:1


Would make a triumphal entry into Jerusalem 
Zech 9:9, Ps 118:26


Betrayed by a friend for 30 pieces of silver
Zech 11:1-13, Ps 41:9


Would be like a smitten shepherd
Zech 13:7


Would be given vinegar and gall
Ps 69:21



They would cast lots for His garments 
Ps 22:18


His side would be pierced 
Zech 12:10; Ps 22:16


Not a bone would be broken
Ex 12:46; Num 9:12; Ps 34:20


Would die among malefactors 
Isa 53:9, 12



His dying words foretold 
Ps 22:1; 31:5


Would be buried by a rich man
Isa 53:9


Rise from the dead on the 3rd day
Gen 22:4; Ps 16:10-11; Jon 1:17


Resurrection followed by destruction of Jerusalem
Dan 9:26; 11:31; 12:1,11
****************
What are the chances that Jesus is not the Messiah? Remember, there are over 300 prophecies related to the Messiah, and Jesus fulfilled them! The numbers for the probabilities are so astronomical that one person fulfilling all these prophetic conditions mathematically eliminates with absolute certainty the probability that it could be anyone else.


*************************
For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty.
WE HAVE ALSO A MORE SURE WORD OF PROPHECY; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed,
2 Peter 1:16,19 (KJV)

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Does Isaiah 53 predict that Jesus would be the Messiah?

https://reasonandscience.catsboard.com/t2435-fullfilled-prophecies-in-the-bible#6549

The Historical and Literary Context
The Servant of the Lord
does-isaiah-53-predict-jesus-messiah
It is impossible to understand this passage without a larger panoramic view of the concept of the servant of the Lord in Isaiah. This is the fourth of a number of “servant songs” in Isaiah (Is. 42:1-6; 49:1-3; 50:4-9; 52:13 – 53:12).1  Interestingly, each of these servant passages appears to build on one another. First, Isaiah 42:1-6 describes the mission of the servant. Commenting on Isaiah 42:1-4, Blenkinsopp notes, “Here the speaker is Yahweh, who designates an individual as his servant and chosen one, endowing him with the spirit so that he may fulfill his mission of dispensing justice and law to the nations.”2

Second, Isaiah 49:1-13 notes that this mission is accompanied by difficulties. Some argue that the text refers to Israel as a whole, others to the prophet himself. Commenting on Isaiah 49, Blenkinsopp notes, “But the problem is that the mission assigned to the speaker includes the task of bringing Israel back to its God, which task must be ascribed to an individual or collectivity within Israel, not to Israel itself. It seems, then, that the passage has been expanded to allow for a certain identification between the prophet and Israel, while still describing the prophet’s own sense of mission to Israel.”3

Third, Isaiah 50:4-9 shows that the servant suffers short of death, but does not give the reasons for his suffering. Finally, Isaiah 52:13 – 53:12 demonstrates that the servant's suffering leads to his death.

The Immediate Context
This prophecy actually begins in the latter part of Isaiah 52 (verses 13-15), which serves as a summary of chapter 53. These three verses describe his exaltation (13), humiliation (14), and his shocking effect on the world (15). This roughly corresponds to chapter 53 (though in a different order) which describes the irony of his coming (1-2), his humiliation and suffering (3-10a), and exaltation (10b-12). All together, the text reads:

"Behold, My Servant shall deal prudently; He shall be exalted and extolled and be very high. 14 Just as many were astonished at you, So His visage was marred more than any man, And His form more than the sons of men; 15 So shall He sprinkle many nations. Kings shall shut their mouths at Him; For what had not been told them they shall see, And what they had not heard they shall consider. 53:1 Who has believed our report? And to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed? 2 For He shall grow up before Him as a tender plant, And as a root out of dry ground. He has no form or comeliness; And when we see Him, There is no beauty that we should desire Him. 3 He is despised and rejected by men, A Man of sorrows and acquainted with grief. And we hid, as it were, our faces from Him; He was despised, and we did not esteem Him. 4 Surely He has borne our griefs And carried our sorrows; Yet we esteemed Him stricken, Smitten by God, and afflicted. 5 But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; The chastisement for our peace was upon Him, And by His stripes we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; We have turned, every one, to his own way; And the LORD has laid on Him the iniquity of us all. 7 He was oppressed and He was afflicted, Yet He opened not His mouth; He was led as a lamb to the slaughter, And as a sheep before its shearers is silent, So He opened not His mouth. 8 He was taken from prison and from judgment, And who will declare His generation? For He was cut off from the land of the living; For the transgressions of My people He was stricken. 9 And they made His grave with the wicked— But with the rich at His death, Because He had done no violence, Nor was any deceit in His mouth. 10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise Him; He has put Him to grief. When You make His soul an offering for sin, He shall see His seed, He shall prolong His days, And the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in His hand. 11 He shall see the labor of His soul, and be satisfied. By His knowledge My righteous Servant shall justify many, For He shall bear their iniquities. 12 Therefore I will divide Him a portion with the great, And He shall divide the spoil with the strong, Because He poured out His soul unto death, And He was numbered with the transgressors, And He bore the sin of many, And made intercession for the transgressors," (Isaiah 52:13-53:12 NKJV).

Will the Real Servant Please Stand Up?
There are a number of important aspects of this passage.  First, verse 1 describes the arm of the Lord.  This has parallels elsewhere in Isaiah where the arm will rule for God (Is. 40:10); Gentiles will trust in the arm (Is. 51:5); the arm will redeem (Is. 51:9); and the arm will provide salvation (Is. 52:10).4

Second, verses 1-3 show that this servant came as a normal individual.  He is not, in the appearance or status of his person, attractive or amazing in any sense.  Third, verses 4-6 and 8 describe the substitutionary nature of the servant’s suffering.  This individual suffers for the sins of Israel, “But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities” (5) and “For the transgressions of My people He was stricken” (8 ).  Fruchtenbaum comments on the pronouns in the passage, “The pronouns mean that Isaiah and the Jews must be included; they cannot refer to Gentiles. Furthermore, none of the things happening to this individual could be said to apply to the nation of Israel. Isaiah is clearly talking of one person. The nation is only included in the pronouns.”5

Fourth, the text indicates that the servant did not open his mouth.  Fruchtenbaum notes, “This is hardly true of Israel. One thing Israel has not been is silent in her sufferings; she has written many books describing her suffering and accusing those responsible.”6  Fifth, verses 8-9 indicate that the servant dies.  The text uses the words “cut off,” which indicates that the servant was legally executed.  Blenkinsopp notes that the reference in verse 9 “. . . would seem most naturally to imply that he was put to death.”7  Sixth, the servant dies, but somehow he is vindicated in the end.  He is alive and able to see his seed (11).  How will the Messiah be able to prolong his days and see his seed if he is dead?  A resurrection of some sort is the only possible way for this to happen.8

The Identity of the Servant
There are a number of reasons why this passage refers to the Messiah.  First, this passage mentions an individual person.  The references are in the singular.  Commenting on verse 8, Fruchtenbaum notes, “This One, who is Messiah, is quite distinct from ‘my people,’ who are Israel.”9  Elwell notes, “While it is true that Isaiah does not explicitly link the title Messiah with the Servant of the Lord, identifying both figures as one and the same person is justifiable.”10  Both are uniquely anointed (Is. 61:1), bring light to the Gentiles (Is. 55:4; cf. 49:6), neither is pretentious at the first appearance (Is. 7:14-15; 11:1; cf. 42:3; 53:1), they both have the title of the Davidic “branch” (Is. 11:1-4), and they both are humiliated and exalted (Is. 49:7; 52:13-15).   In the Old Testament, “my people” is always a reference to Israel.  However, Messiah will be killed for the sins of Israel.11

Second, just because not all of the references of the servant of the Lord refer to the Messiah, this does not mean that none of them refer to the Messiah.  The word servant is used of various individuals in the book of Isaiah including the prophet himself (Is. 20:3), Eliakim (Is. 22:20), David (Is. 37:35), Israel (Is. 41:8-10; 43:10; 44:1-2, 21; 45:4; 48:20), and an unnamed individual (Is. 42:1-3; 52:13 – 53:12) to name a few of the passages.  Isaiah 54:17 even describes multiple servants of the Lord, which could be a reference to the prophets.  While some references in Isaiah appear to identify the servant as Israel or Isaiah, the best interpretation of Isaiah 53 is that it refers to the Messiah.

Third, one must admit that it is difficult to apply “he shall see his seed” (10) to Jesus since he did not have any children.  However, it is possible to take the reference to seed in a more figurative sense.  Blenkinsopp, though interpreting this passage as applying to a community of prophets, applies it figuratively, “. . . the final promise that he will see his offspring and that his work will bear fruit in the end would imply that he lives on in the prophetic following dedicated to perpetuating his message.”12  If Blenkinsopp can apply this to the prophetic group, why couldn't one apply this to Jesus in the sense that people are children of God (cf. John 1:12)?

Fourth, the traditional Jewish interpretation was that this passage referred to the Messiah.  The Jewish scholars during the early Christian era clearly thought that this passage was Messianic. They paraphrase Isaiah 42:1 as “Behold my Servant Messiah” and Isaiah 53 as “Behold my Servant Messiah will prosper.”13  Fruchtenbaum points out, “All of the ancient Jewish writings – the Mishnah, the Gemara, (the Talmud), the Midrashim and many others – all regard this portion of Scripture as relating to the Messianic Person.”14  It was Rashi, around 1050 A.D. who first suggested that it refers to Israel.  However, Rashi’s views sparked fierce debate with the great rabbi Maimonides strongly opposing Rashi’s claims.

Due to texts like Isaiah 53, the ancient rabbis resolved this apparent conflict between a dying and reigning Messiah by inventing the concept of two Messiahs.  Fruchtenbaum summarizes this view, “They taught that the first Messiah, whom they called ‘Messiah son of Joseph,’ who suffered in Egypt, would come to suffer and die in fulfillment of the servant passages, one of which they listed as Isaiah 53.  The second Messiah, ‘Messiah son of David,’ would then come and raise the first Messiah back to life.  He would then establish His Kingdom to rule and to reign.”15 Nevertheless, they recognized the death and resurrection in the Messianic prophecies.

Fifth, Isaiah 53:10 states, “when you shall make his soul an offering for sin.”  The same word for offering (asham) is the same word used in the Law where the offering had to be perfect and without blemish.  Louis Goldberg comments, “At this point, if our Jewish friend persists in saying that Isaiah 53 refers to the nation, we can raise the questions, Can you say that Israel is without spot or blemish – perfect in every way? . . . Usually our Jewish friends will say no.”16  J. A. Motyer likewise agrees with the conclusion that the servant cannot be Israel, “In the sequence of the chapter, we have thus been informed that the Servant cannot be the nation.”17

Evaluation as an Apologetic Argument
It is hard to do justice to all of the hermeneutical issues in Isaiah 53 in a few short pages when volumes have been written on these fifteen significant verses.  However, this text gives strong credence to the case for Jesus as the Messiah.  First, the traditional Jewish interpretation had no problem teaching that this passage referred to the Messiah.  Second, it is relatively easy to demonstrate that Israel is not the servant of the Lord in Isaiah 53 due to the reasons given above.



WHAT DOES ISAIAH 53 SAY? By Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum
https://www.chosenpeople.com/media/archive/400001159.pdf


Fullfilled prophecies in the bible IHUSbwb

Carbon dating the Dead Sea Scrolls
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbon_dating_the_Dead_Sea_Scrolls
Carbon dating the Dead Sea Scrolls refers to a series of radiocarbon dating tests performed on the Dead Sea Scrolls, first by the AMS (Accelerator Mass Spectrometry) lab of the Zurich Institute of Technology in 1991 and then by the AMS Facility at the University of Arizona in Tucson in 1994-95. There was also a historical test of a piece of linen performed in 1946 by Willard Libby, the inventor of the dating method.

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4Fullfilled prophecies in the bible Empty Re: Fullfilled prophecies in the bible on Fri Oct 16, 2020 2:20 pm

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Is Bible Prophecy Specific and Accurate? Look at the Ancient City of Tyre!



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Fullfilled prophecies in the bible Tyre-ruins-and-coastline-300x200
Roman ruins of Tyre with seacoast
One of the most dramatic examples of very specific and accurate prophecy are those predictions concerning the city of Tyre, as seen in the book of Ezekiel. It is important to know that the book of Ezekiel is firmly dated by scholars from 590–570 B.C. As mentioned earlier, the Septuagint translation of the Old Testament was made in 280–250 B.C.Multiple biblical prophets make many predictions about places like Tyre, Samaria, Gaza, Ashkelon, Jerusalem, Edom, Nineveh, Babylon and more.  Each of these nations had different things happen to them during their history, and the Bible is very specific about these details.  It can also be demonstrated conclusively in most cases that the Bible prophecy was given far in advance of its fulfillment, sometimes by centuries.
The ancient city of Tyre was located in what is now the country of Lebanon. In the book of Ezekiel several predictions are made about the city of Tyre. Here is the text of Ezekiel 26:3-5, 7, 12-14:
“Therefore thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I am against thee, O Tyrus, and will cause many nations to come up against thee, as the sea causeth his waves to come up. And they shall destroy the walls of Tyrus, and break down her towers; I will also scrape her dust from her, and make her like the top of a rock. It shall be a place for the spreading of nets in the midst of the sea; for I have spoken it, saith the Lord God; and it shall become a spoil to the nations…Behold, I will bring upon Tyrus Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, a king of kings, from the north”. . .“And they shall make a spoil of thy riches, and make a prey of thy merchandise, and they shall break down thy walls, and destroy thy pleasant houses; and they shall lay thy stones and thy timber and thy dust in the midst of the water. And I will cause the noise of thy songs to cease; and the sound of thy harps shall be no more heard. AndI will make thee like the top of a rock; thou shalt be a place to spread nets upon; thou shalt be built no more: for I the Lord have spoken it, saith the Lord God.”
What is predicted about Tyre?
Notice how God placed His reputation on the line, saying, “I have spoken it,” as He has challenged us with all His prophecies. Let’s look at some of the specific predictions:

  • Nebuchadnezzar will come against the city of Tyre.

  • Many nations will come against Tyre.

  • Tyre will become like a bare rock, with fishnets spread over the site.

  • Tyre will have its stones, timber and rubble thrown into the sea.

  • A time would come when Tyre would be “built no more.”


 
I think we can see that these are very clear predictions. Nothing vague about them. And we can also see these predictions are plainly contained in the verses of Ezekiel quoted above, and we determined these were written anywhere from 590–570 B.C. So all that remains is to compare them with actual historical data.
 
The siege of Nebuchadnezzar: Nebuchadnezzar indeed laid siege to Tyre from 585–573 B.C., a thirteen-year siege in all. Tyre was situated so there was a mainland city on the coast and an island part of the city. When Nebuchadnezzar entered and destroyed the mainland city he found that most of the people had moved to the island part of the city. Nebuchadnezzar stopped there and did not go on to conquer the island.
 
Tyre’s stones and rubble cast into the sea: Two hundred forty years later Alexander the Great attacked the now heavily walled island city of Tyre. He encountered a well-fortified city indeed, and it was hard to get near it without being hit by weapons and objects thrown from behind its walls. So Alexander the Great devised a strategy to build a causeway from the mainland to the island. He did this by casting the debris and stones of the ruins of the mainland city into the water. So just as predicted many nations came against Tyre, and the city ruins were literally thrown into the water. As he progressed by using the stones and debris as a causeway he encountered deeper water and more resistance closer to the island.
 
Many nations come against Tyre: Alexander needed a larger navy to conquer the city, and so he organized and used the navies of six or seven countries he had already conquered, to bring them against Tyre and blockade the city. He finally built up the causeway enough to use battering rams and other weapons to break down the city walls.   Alexander conquered Tyre three years later. Notice how the verse in Ezekiel 26:12 reads: “They. . .shall lay thy stones and thy timber and thy dust in the midst of the water.” This was after Nebuchadnezzar, when Alexander and many other nations were attacking; therefore the term “they” was used.
 
Tyre as a bare rock with fishnets spread over site: In a history book from 1889, author Philip Myers[1] states of Tyre: “Alexander the Great. . .reduced it to ruins (332 B.C.). She recovered in a measure from this blow but never regained the place she had previously held in the world. The larger part of the site of the once great city is now bare as the top of a rock―a place where the fishermen that still frequent the spot spread their nets to dry” (emphasis mine). And listen to these observations in a book by Nina Nelson titled Your Guide to Lebanon“Pale turquoise fishing nets were drying on the shore. . .The ruins of ancient Tyre are different from all the others―situated. . .in the heart of the sea” (emphasis mine).[2]
 
Tyre “built no more”: What exactly does this last prediction mean? According to McDowell,[3] Tyre was rebuilt and besieged more than once over the following centuries, only to fall for the final time to the Moslems in 1291 A.D. The original island city is now under water. A small modern city called Sur now stands near the ruins of the ancient mainland city, but the original large city with all its walls, splendor and trading commerce has never been restored, although in an ideal location for a large city. The current small city is geared more toward fishing―hence the nets spread on rocks. This is actually expected since it was predicted that nets would be spread on the rocks.
 
Some will say that any city on this site falsifies the prediction of “built no more.” The fortified island city, however, is now under the sea. The ruins of the original large mainland city are scattered over a large area of land with a few columns still standing.[4] Athough a small city is built near some of the ancient ruins, it is not on the same site, nor is it by any means the original powerful city of Tyre that used to exist.[5] So it was never rebuilt in terms of its power and influence, much like a large castle could not be said to have been rebuilt because a few small buildings now stand on its original site.
 
So we can see that each specific prediction was fulfilled in detail―and some of these over many centuries after the prophecy was written.
The prophecies in the Bible about other nations with very different histories than Tyre are similarly specific and accurate.  For more on these, see
http://thebiblecanbeproven.com/category/the-bible-proven-blog/prophecy-as-proof-of-divine-inspiration/prophecy-of-people-and-places  Also a good reference book on this subject is Josh McDowell, Evidence That Demands a Verdict-Thomas Nelson/Here’s Life Publishers, San Bernadino, CA, 1972, pp. 267-323.
Here is proof the author was writing history in advance, something beyond human ability and done accurately one hundred percent of the time only by God.
 



[1] Philip Myers, General History for Colleges and High Schools, Ginn and Co., Boston, MA, 1889, 55, as quoted in McDowell, Evidence That Demands a Verdict, 276.
[2] Nina Nelson, Your Guide to Lebanon, Alvin Redman, Ltd., London, UK, 220, as quoted in McDowell, Evidence That Demands a Verdict, 278.
[3] Josh McDowell, Evidence That Demands a Verdict-Thomas Nelson/Here’s Life Publishers, San Bernadino, CA, 1972, 279.
[4] David Padfield, The Destruction of Tyre, internet article, retrieved 10/7/2011 from http://www.padfield.com/1994/tyre.html.

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5Fullfilled prophecies in the bible Empty Re: Fullfilled prophecies in the bible on Fri Oct 16, 2020 3:25 pm

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How sure can we be that the Bible is God’s Word?


How sure can we be that the Bible is God’s word?  One way is to look at all the prophecies about Jesus.  There are over 300 prophecies and allusions to Jesus Christ in the Old Testament.  What if we took just four of them and figured out what the odds are that they could all be fulfilled by chance?


The prophet Micah predicts that Jesus will be born in Bethlehem (Micah 5:2)  So what would be the odds that a person born throughout history would be born in Bethlehem?  Chuck Missler came up with one calculation by assuming the average population of the world of 2 billion and the average population of Bethlehem to be about 10,000.  So this would give odds of 1/200,000 of being born in Bethlehem.   Sounds reasonable.  The prophet Zechariah predicted that the Messiah would be presented as king riding on a donkey (Zech. 9:9).  This was fulfilled in Matthew 21:7-9 when Jesus was presented as king riding a donkey into Jerusalem.  How many people in history have been presented as king on a donkey? Not many, but let’s say 1/100.


Jesus was betrayed for thirty pieces of silver (Matt. 26:14-15)  This was foreshadowed by Zechariah (11:12) where the shepherd is portrayed in a Messianic type, and he is given the price of thirty pieces of silver for his worth by his ungrateful flock.  What are the odds of being betrayed for exactly thirty pieces of silver.  Missler gives odds on this one of 1/1,000, and that is very conservative.  And we could pick many other prophecies about Jesus with similar odds or higher.


Finally, Psalm 22 speaks of the Messiah’s suffering, and states: “They pierced my hands and my feet…” (Ps. 22:16).  Of course this is exactly what happened to Jesus during his crucifixion.  Remarkably, this Psalm was written about seven hundred years before crucifixion was even invented, and it reads like a personal account of someone experiencing all the pains of that particular means of punishment.  What are the odds that a given person would have died by crucifixion?  Lets say about 1/10,000.


Just for these four prophecies alone, with reasonable odds assigned, the odds of one person fulfilling just these four prophecies are 1/2 x 10 to the 14th power! And remember, even if you reduce the odds for each one greatly, Jesus simultaneously fulfilled over 300 of these prophecies!  So we can be absolutely sure that Jesus is who He claimed to be, and that the Bible is in fact God’s word..  In fact, we can be more sure of this than we can be of many other facts we take as sure in our daily lives.

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6Fullfilled prophecies in the bible Empty Re: Fullfilled prophecies in the bible on Fri Oct 16, 2020 4:42 pm

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The Bible contains 1,817 individual predictions concerning 737 separate subjects found in 8,352 verses. These numerous predictions compromise 27% of the 31,124 verses in the whole of scriptures.
Let's look first at the prophesies concerning Christ that would have been impossible for Him to have fulfilled.
I will list eight, that I consider almost irrefutable.
Isaiah 11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots
1. Jesus was to come through the line of David. You had better believe His ancestry was one if not the first thing the scribes, Pharisees, and Sadducees checked. The Messiah had to be a decendant of King David, all the other false messiahs that claimed messiahship in the days of our Lord's earthly ministry were immediately dismissed and not taken seriously by the religious leaders.
Numbers 24:17
I shall see him but not now; I shall behold him but not nigh; there shall come a star out of Jacob, and a sceptre shall rise out of Israel...
2. The star of Bethlehem: There are secular recordings from China and other parts of the world that prove something strange and unusual did happen in the cosmos around the time Christ was born. Note, the wise men, the magi, didn't come to Jerusalem to ask what this star meant, they said in Matt. 2:2 "Where is He that is born King of the Jews? For we have seen His Star in the east, and are come to worship Him.
There are a few theories about this strange sudden appearing in the night sky, some say a brand new star did appear, some say it was a rare occurrence of the aliangment of the planets, some say a comet. Concerning the latter, comets don't stop and change directions as did the star of Bethlehem.
Isaiah 7:14
Therefore the Lord Himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call His name Immanuel.
3. The virgin birth: This is a two part prophecy. First part the virgin birth, the second, "shall call His name Immanuel" Immanuel literally interprets "God with us".
Jeremiah 31:15
This saith the Lord; A voice was heard in Ramah, lamentation and bitter weeping; Rahel weeping for her children refused to be comforted for her children, because they were not.
4. The slaughter of all the male children under the age of two in Bethlehem and the surrounding coast. Fulfilled in Matthew 2:16-18.
Micah 5:2
But thou Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee he shall come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from old, from everlasting.
5. Born in Bethlehem: The "religious elites" accused Jesus of being a false Messiah because He came from Nazareth. They said, "no good thing comes out of Nazareth" but you better know they knew of the census, the murders of the children in Bethlehem, and the appearance of the star. You better know also, that they were familiar with these OT prophesies concerning these events. And you better know, that they knew that with these events happening just a few short years before, that there was a strong possibility of Jesus being born in Bethlehem.
Isaiah 35:4-6
Vs. 4 Say to them that are of a fearful heart, be strong, fear not; behold, your God will come with vengeance, even God with recompence; he will come and save you.
Vs5 Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped.
Vs6 Then shall the lame leap as an Hart, and the tongue of the dumb sing...
6. The working of miracles: Without the Divine miraculous works, Jesus would have been like the other false messiahs of His day, mostly lost to the annuals of history. Without Divine miraculous works of the apostles, the church would have probably not survived.
Psalms 34:20
He keepeth all His bones: not one of them is broken.
7. No broken bones: With the beatings, the whip designed to literally cut to the bone, the carrying of an extremely heavy cross sometimes crushing Him, the nailing to the cross, it is miraculously remarkable that He didn't have even the smallest bone broken. Also, as prophesied, He died before they could brake His legs, as was a Roman practice, to hasten death.
Psalms 22:14
I am poured out like water and all my bones are out of joint; my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels.
When the spear was thrust into His side, and water and blood flowed out, that water was bodily fluid from His lungs.
Jesus eventually died of a heart attack: Modern medical experts studying crucifixions claim some die of heart attacks during crucifixion. Fluid will build up in the lungs because of the inability to properly breath thus causing extreme pressure on the heart to function as it should. The heart would sometimes literally explode.
These examples are not all of the prophesies that would have been impossible for Jesus to "self fulfill" such as the generation in which He was to come, flight as a child to Egypt, crucified with the two malefactors, gross darkness that came after He died while still on the cross, and of course, the Resurrection. The Bible said He would not see corruption. There are several other prophesies that would be ridiculous to assume that He would somehow "pre-arrange" fulfillment. If He did pre-arrange, why would He?
In Amos 1:8 it was prophesied that all the Philistines would perish. Today, there is no trace of the Philistine peoples. There is absolutely no decendents of this race of people. This is quite a remarkable fulfillment of prophecy for a whole race of people to become extinct!
The ancient capital cities of Babylon and Nineveh were both heavily fortified militant cities that considered themselves impregnable.
Nineveh had walls 100' high and 50' wide. Their watch towers were over 200' high. Five prophesies were leveled up against Nineveh in the OT book of Nahum and all were fulfilled. 1. Destroyed during a time of drunkenness 2.total destruction 3. burned 4. by flood 5. Uninhabitable and desolate forever. The remains of Nineveh were unknown for centuries and still much of cannot be uncovered because of a small village that is sitting above it's ruins and a cemetery that cannot be disturbed.
Babylon had walls 311' high and 87' thick. 250 watch towers 100' higher than the walls and 100 gates of solid brass. It is estimated that the city was an area of 196 sq. miles.
Seven prophesies were leveled up against Babylon in Isaiah and Jeremiah. 1. Like Sodom and Gomorrha 2. Never inhabited again 3. Tents will not be placed there 4. Shepherds will not be there 5. Desert creatures will infest the ruins 6. The ancient city will not be major tourist attraction 7. Covered with swamps of water..
Swamps today make it inhabitable and causes changes to the course of the Ephrates River. The soil is no good for much of any thing including grass for grazing. Many consider it a cursed area.
All seven of these prophesies were and are still being fulfilled. Imagine prophesying total destruction and never being inhabited again to New York City or Los Angeles, how many people do you think would listen? But in both of these great ancient cities, every prophecy was fulfilled in great detail. What kind of chance would anyone have (without Divine guidance) predicting12 distinct happenings far into the future?
Prophesies of modern day Israel:
Not all prophesies are prophesies of doom. Five prophesies of prosperity were given thousands of years ago to the Israelites.and in fulfillment today.
1. Israel to be reborn in one day. Is. 66:8
2. Israel's rebirth surrounded by enemies. Ps. 83:2-8
3. Revival of ancient Hebrew language. Zeph. 3:9
4. Return of Jews to Homeland. Zeph.3:10; Is. 43:6; Ez. 37:22.
5. Astonishing fertility of Israel; increased rainfall; Is.27:6; Joel 2:23; Is 35:7
We can see all these prophesies being fulfilled right before our eyes. A pastor friend of mine was in Israel before her rebirth, he said it was mostly desert. This same pastor visited Israel after her rebirth, and said it was one of the lushest greenest places he had ever seen.
Let me leave you with one outstanding fact. No critic of God's Word can claim even one prophecy of scripture has ever been wrong!

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