When opponents of special creation asked about how x raised, they often make a quick web search, come up with the first search result which looks like a " serious " scientific paper, which explains how x evolved, and post it as an answer. When asked to quote the relevant part of the paper, which convinced them evolution was the best answer, commonly they don't answer, because they did not make the effort to analyze carefully the proposed evidence. That shows nicely their confirmation bias. They determined already evolution must be true, since it fits their preconceived and wished worldview, so all they do, is to try to fit everything they find into their naturalistic worldview, without carefully looking if the evidence is compelling. Most scientific papers on evolution are perfect examples of how methodological naturalism works and obliges especially historical sciences to wear blinkers. Since evolution is the only naturalistic possible explanation for the biodiversity on earth, evolution is supposed to be the answer right from the beginning, rather start with an agnostic standpoint, and after careful examination, permitting the evidence to lead wherever it is, and propose evolution as the best explanation if that is the outcome that fits best. These papers start with evolution, end with evolution, and in the middle is a not rarely high concentration of guesswork, ad hoc explanations, and fairytale stories.
Early Evolution of Photosynthesis1
An understanding of the origin and evolution of photosynthesis is therefore of substantial interest,
Overwhelming evidence indicates,
A wealth of evidence indicates,
Significant evidence indicates,
have clearly had distinct evolutionary trajectories,
There have been numerous suggestions,
The accumulated evidence suggests
The process of photosynthesis originated early in Earth’s history and has evolved to its current mechanistic diversity and phylogenetic distribution by a complex, nonlinear process.
The Origin of Mitochondria
There are currently two main, competing theories about the origin of mitochondria.
view is linked to the ideas
Mitochondria arose once in evolution, and their origin entailed an endosymbiosis accompanied by gene transfers from the endosymbiont to the host.
Early Modern Homo sapiens
Our species of humans first began to evolve nearly 200,000 years ago
it is likely
Current data suggest
seems to be
It would seem
that attempt to explain
It is further suggested
It is argued
Its advocates claim
it is claimed
Evolutionary origins of the nervous system
How did this remarkable and extraordinarily complex structure evolve?
brain evolution surely involved thousands of discrete, incremental steps, which occurred in the mists of deep time across hundreds of millions of years, and which we are unlikely to ever fully understand. ( how funny. We don't ever fully understand it, but it certainly was through evolution. Nice gap argument )
a number of studies published in recent years have begun to shed some light on the evolutionary origins of the nervous system
These clues come from
all believed to be
at the earliest stages of their evolution, vertebrates – including humans – may have inherited the organization of their nervous systems from it as well.
The evolution of whales
The evolution of whales
hippos are the closest living relatives of whales ( how do they know ? )
the first whales evolved over 50 million years ago( how do they know ? )
seemingly minor features provide critical evidence to link animals that are highly specialized for their lifestyles (such as whales) with their less extreme-looking relatives. ( how do they know ? )
These animals evolved nostrils positioned further and further back along the snout.( how do they know ? )
This may reflect
because whales evolved from walking land mammals( how do they know ? )
These ancient whales evolved over 40 million years ago. ( how do they know ? )
is evidence of
Last edited by Admin on Sat May 19, 2018 7:28 am; edited 5 times in total