, also known as the father of oceanography, who was born in January 14, 1806, joined the Navy at the age of 19 and served as a U.S. naval officer.
Miriam-Webster Dictionary defines oceanography as “a science that deals with the oceans and includes the delimitation of their extent and depth, the physics and chemistry of their waters, marine biology, and the exploitation of their resources.”
From 1834 to 1841, he produced works on sea navigation and details on his sea journeys. He also wrote political essays to lobby for Navy Reform. Matthew Fontaine Maury, out of his deep belief in the Bible, was eagerly inspired by Psalms 8:8 and Ecclesiastes 1:6 which led to his discoveries of numerous wild circuits and currents of the sea including the Great Gulf Current, the Japanese Current, the California Current and many others, making him one of the most important scientists of humankind. Through the use of compiling the information he found on currents and winds from the logbooks of the sailors’ observations at the U.S. Navy’s Depot of Charts & Instruments, he was able to come up with the first reliable wind and current charts of the ocean and produced the first charts of the North Atlantic way back in 1847. By 1855, he also wrote “The Physical Geography of the Sea” now known as “the first textbook on modern oceanography.”
Ecc 1:6 The wind goeth toward the south, and turneth about unto the north; it whirleth about continually, and the wind returneth again according to his circuits.
Psa 8:8 The fowl of the air, and the fish of the sea, and whatsoever passeth through the paths of the seas.
By 1868, he returned to Virginia to teach meteorology at Virginia Military Institute. He died on February 1, 1873 in Lexington, Virginia with a monument titled: “Matthew Fontaine Maury, Pathfinder of the Seas, the genius who first snatched from the oceans and atmosphere the secret of their laws. His inspiration, Holy Writ, Psalms 8:8; Ecclesiastes 1:6.”