ElShamah - Reason & Science: Defending ID and the Christian Worldview
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ElShamah - Reason & Science: Defending ID and the Christian Worldview

Otangelo Grasso: This is my library, where I collect information and present arguments developed by myself that lead, in my view, to the Christian faith, creationism, and Intelligent Design as the best explanation for the origin of the physical world.

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What is intelligent design ?

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1What is intelligent design ? Empty What is intelligent design ? Thu Jan 30, 2014 2:52 am



What is intelligent design ?



What is Intelligent Design? Intelligent Design supporters make three claims.

   Certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause, not an undirected process such as natural selection.
   Intelligent design is detectable based on empirical observations using objective criteria.
   Reference to intelligent design is legitimate within a scientific explanation of events in natural history.

But if you look up the etymology of the word "intelligence" then we find that it comes from the Latin word intellegentia which has the roots "inter" (meaning "between") and "legō" (meaning "choose, pick out, read") which together translate literally, as "the act of choosing between." The meaning of "intelligent design" might just as well be rendered as "to carefully choose or select."


Design theory—also called design or the design argument—is the view that nature shows tangible signs of having been designed by a preexisting intelligence. It has been around, in one form or another, since the time of ancient Greece.

The most famous version of the design argument can be found in the work of theologian William Paley, who in 1802 proposed his "watchmaker" thesis. His reasoning went like this:

In crossing a heath, suppose I pitched my foot against a stone, and were asked how the stone came to be there; I might possibly answer, that, for anything I knew to the contrary, it had lain there for ever. ... But suppose I had found a watch upon the ground, and it should be inquired how the watch happened to be in that place; I should hardly think the answer which I had before given [would be sufficient].[1]

To the contrary, the fine coordination of all its parts would force us to conclude that

… the watch must have had a maker: that there must have existed, at some time, and at some place or other, an artificer or artificers, who formed it for the purpose which we find it actually to answer; who comprehended its construction, and designed its use. [2]

Paley argued that we can draw the same conclusion about many natural objects, such as the eye. Just as a watch’s parts are all perfectly adapted for the purpose of telling time, the parts of an eye are all perfectly adapted for the purpose of seeing. In each case, Paley argued, we discern the marks of an intelligent designer.

Although Paley’s basic notion was sound, and influenced thinkers for decades, Paley never provided a rigorous standard for detecting design in nature. Detecting design depended on such vague standards as being able to discern an object’s "purpose." Moreover, Paley and other "natural theologians" tried to reason from the facts of nature to the existence of a wise and benevolent God.

All of these things made design an easy target for Charles Darwin when he proposed his theory of evolution. Whereas Paley saw a finely-balanced world attesting to a kind and just God, Darwin pointed to nature’s imperfections and brutishness. Although Darwin had once been an admirer of Paley, Darwin’s own observations and experiences—especially the cruel, lingering death of his 9-year-old daughter Annie in 1850—destroyed whatever belief he had in a just and moral universe.

Following the triumph of Darwin’s theory, design theory was all but banished from biology. Since the 1980s, however, advances in biology have convinced a new generation of scholars that Darwin’s theory was inadequate to account for the sheer complexity of living things. These scholars—chemists, biologists, mathematicians and philosophers of science—began to reconsider design theory. They formulated a new view of design that avoids the pitfalls of previous versions.

Called intelligent design (ID), to distinguish it from earlier versions of design theory (as well as from the naturalistic use of the term design), this new approach is more modest than its predecessors. Rather than trying to infer God’s existence or character from the natural world, it simply claims "that intelligent causes are necessary to explain the complex, information-rich structures of biology and that these causes are empirically detectable."

Last edited by Admin on Sun Jan 17, 2016 10:34 am; edited 4 times in total


2What is intelligent design ? Empty Re: What is intelligent design ? Thu Mar 13, 2014 7:07 pm




According to intelligent-design theory, life is too complex to have evolved by natural forces. Therefore life must have been created by a supernatural force — an intelligent designer.

In reality, ID does not claim that life is simply "too complex to have evolved by natural forces." It proposes instead that some features of the living world are best explained as the product of an intelligent cause. As I pointed out in an earlier post:

the underlying argument for design in biology is not that certain things are too complex to be produced by the Darwinian mechanism, but that in our experience of the real world, intelligent causes supply the best explanation for certain kinds of structures. From our own experience, we readily observe that certain kinds of complex and information-rich systems are typically produced by intelligent causes. When we see Mt. Rushmore, for example, we know that an intelligent cause is sufficient to explain its existence, while an unintelligent process of wind and soil erosion probably isn't. Based on our own extensive experience of the natural world, intelligent design argues that certain features of the natural world are best explained as the products of intelligent causation.


3What is intelligent design ? Empty Re: What is intelligent design ? Sun Apr 06, 2014 7:50 am




Our body could be compared with Computer/Smartphones to some extent: We spend our first 20 years to install a fully-working operating system in our brain, and with updates we tend to get better or worse in some/all aspects of our life. Eventually our hardware tends to wear out and BSOD. Following are some of the similarities:

   DNA = Programming language
   Cells = ASICs (explained below): we have about 100 Trillion cells in our body.
   Brain = no idea. period
   Processor = Prefrontal cortex (where our actual thinking and reasoning and the like happens)
   Motherboard = Frontal lobe (basically organizes information for the prefrontal cortex to sort)
   Motherboard header = Roof of your mouth
   Video card = occipital lobe (processes and makes sense of visual data)
   Sound card = Temporal lobe (auditory processing)
   Power supply = Carotid arteries
   Chipset = Spleen
   Front-Side-Bus (FSB) = Occipital lobe
   CMOS battery = Pineal gland
   Power button = Belly button
   SATA host controller = Umbilical Cord.
   Memory = Short term memory.
   HDD = Long term memory. (Amnesia = due to cache coherency issues in DMA).
    I/O = Senses.
   Air = Power Switch.
   Heart = Clock OSC (Ideal = 72 BPM or Hz)
   Blood = Advanced micro-fluidic heat sink + extra properties
   Thyroid = Programmable Voltage regulator (never mess with it).

Last edited by Admin on Fri Oct 23, 2015 2:56 pm; edited 1 time in total


4What is intelligent design ? Empty Re: What is intelligent design ? Sun Apr 13, 2014 8:00 am





5What is intelligent design ? Empty Re: What is intelligent design ? Fri Oct 23, 2015 1:39 pm




Design theorists have claimed that intelligent design can be inferred from:

  • The fine-tuning of the laws of nature[4]

  • The fine-tuning of our cosmic habitat (e.g. the structure of our solar system)[5]

  • The origin of life (e.g. DNA)[6]

  • Irreducibly Complex bio-molecular machines (e.g. the bacterial flagellum)[7]

  • The Cambrian Explosion[8]


6What is intelligent design ? Empty Re: What is intelligent design ? Fri Dec 18, 2015 2:27 pm



Since ID relies on evidence rather than on Scripture or religious doctrines, it is not creationism or a form of religion.

Intelligent design is not biblical creationism, but a scientific theory based on evidence from nature and consistent with everyday logic.

Since intelligent design relies on scientific evidence rather than on Scripture or religious doctrines, it is not biblical creationism. Intelligent design makes no claims about biblical chronology, and biblical creationists have clearly distinguished their views from ID. A person does not even need to believe in God to infer intelligent design in nature; otherwise, prominent atheist Antony Flew could not have been persuaded that the evidence in nature points to design.

Darwinists deliberately mis-define ID in order to discredit it. For example, philosopher Robert T. Pennock insists on calling ID “intelligent design creationism.” Although (as we saw above) even Charles Darwin was a creationist by some definitions, calling ID “intelligent design creationism” in the context of the present controversy misleads people to confuse ID with biblical religion. For example, in 2005 science writer Matt Ridley called intelligent design “merely a dishonest attempt to repackage a literal interpretation of the Bible as science.” University of Wisconsin (Madison) historian Ronald L. Numbers, an expert on creationism and a critic of intelligent design, says that it is inaccurate to call ID creationism—though it is the easiest way to discredit it.


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